Using the Four-Questions Technique to Enhance Critical Thinking in Online Learning Discussions

by Martha E. Alexander, et al; MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching Vol. 6, No. 2, June 2010

This article describes the effect of a four-questions technique used to enhance critical thinking in online discussions. Students in a graduate educational psychology course participated in three online asynchronous discussions in reaction to case studies. Prior to the second discussion only, students responded to questions designed to encourage critical thinking through the four-questions technique of analyzing, reflecting, applying, and questioning. The researchers measured evidence of critical thinking by rating students’ comments in an online discussion with The Washington State University Critical and Integrative Thinking Scale. Results suggest that the four-questions technique is effective in enhancing critical thinking in online discussions.

http://jolt.merlot.org/vol6no2/alexander_0610.htm

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